Anhydrous Ammonia

HEC is a pioneer in running internal combustion, spark-ignited engines (ICE), fueled with anhydrous ammonia. In fact, we were first to ever run an ICE on Anhydrous Ammonia. The reason that this is noteworthy is because hydrogen is not practical to store,. and ammonia presents and excellent option to this dilemma. This accomplishment just makes the “hydrogen economy” one step closer.

Anhydrous Ammonia (NH3) is a carrier of hydrogen. In fact, it carries more hydrogen than liquid hydrogen. It is much easier and costs much less than what it costs to store hydrogen and occupies less space. Our farmers have used it in the Midwest for many years. As a result, the infrastructure is already established and the equipment has been designed to handle this important chemical. According to several major studies, NH3 has about the same danger level as gasoline and is less dangerous than propane. We believe the use of anhydrous ammonia has a great application and future in the “Distributive Power Business”. We believe that NH3 is going to play a major part in the “Hydrogen Economy” of the future.

There are no major technical challenges with NH3 fuel. It is completely sustainable. We know how to make It, and we know how to create power with it, using HEC engines. As previously mentioned we have a reliable infrastructure for distribution and understand how to handle it safely. As you know, tuning and running gensets on NH3 at high power levels is a science in its infancy. Even with this being the case, we have been able to create up to 200 kW with this important fuel. As an added advantage, we are able to operate multiple gensets in parallel and generate megawatts of power using anhydrous ammonia.

THE ADVANTAGES OF NH3 AS A FUEL
• NH3 can be produced from any raw energy source (i.e. wind, solar, biomass, coal, etc.)
• NH3 is environmentally friendly— engines release zero carbon emissions running on NH3.
• NH3 can be used as a fuel in diesel engines, fuel cells, spark ignited engines, gas turbines, etc.
• NH3 is extremely efficient at storing energy from renewable systems.
• NH3 is cost effective, it is competitive with diesel and gasoline.
• NH3 storage and delivery systems are already in place, and existing natural gas distribution can be
easily converted to NH3.
• NH3 has a proven, acceptable safety history for over 75 years.
• NH3 fuel can be produced from renewable power sources. It is a sustainable fuel.
• NH3 can be 100 % produced in the U.S. using American technology.

X